Band Combinations for Landsat 8 - Monde GEOspatial

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Band Combinations for Landsat 8

Landsat 8 has been online for a couple of months now, and the images look incredible. While all of the bands from previous Landsat missions are still incorporated, there are a couple of new ones, such as the coastal blue band water penetration/aerosol detection and the cirrus cloud band for cloud masking and other applications. Here’s a rundown of some common band combinations applied to Landsat 8, displayed as a red, green, blue (RGB):

Band Combinations for Landsat 8


Natural Color4 3 2
False Color (urban)7 6 4
Color Infrared (vegetation)5 4 3
Agriculture6 5 2
Atmospheric Penetration7 6 5
Healthy Vegetation5 6 2
Land/Water5 6 4
Natural With Atmospheric Removal7 5 3
Shortwave Infrared7 5 4
Vegetation Analysis6 5 4
Here’s how the new bands from Landsat 8 line up with Landsat 7:
Landsat 7
Landsat 8
Band Name
Bandwidth (µm)
Resolution (m)
Band Name
Bandwidth (µm)
Resolution (m)
Band 1 Coastal
0.43 – 0.45
30
Band 1 Blue
0.45 – 0.52
30
Band 2 Blue
0.45 – 0.51
30
Band 2 Green
0.52 – 0.60
30
Band 3 Green
0.53 – 0.59
30
Band 3 Red
0.63 – 0.69
30
Band 4 Red
0.64 – 0.67
30
Band 4 NIR
0.77 – 0.90
30
Band 5 NIR
0.85 – 0.88
30
Band 5 SWIR 1
1.55 – 1.75
30
Band 6 SWIR 1
1.57 – 1.65
30
Band 7 SWIR 2
2.09 – 2.35
30
Band 7 SWIR 2
2.11 – 2.29
30
Band 8 Pan
0.52 – 0.90
15
Band 8 Pan
0.50 – 0.68
15
Band 9 Cirrus
1.36 – 1.38
30
Band 6 TIR
10.40 – 12.50
30/60
Band 10 TIRS 1
10.6 – 11.19
100
Band 11 TIRS 2
11.5 – 12.51
100

For the most part, the bands line up with what we’re used to, with some minor tweaking of the spectral ranges. The thermal infrared band from Landsat 7 is now split into two bands for Landsat 8. Whereas before you had one thermal band that was acquired at 60 m resolution (and resampled to 30 m) now you have increased spectral resolution at the cost of spatial resolution. It wouldn’t be remote sensing without tradeoffs, right?

Band Combinations for Landsat 8 Reviewed by Andre fonseca on December 18, 2017 Rating: 5 Landsat 8 has been online for a couple of months now, and the images look incredible. While all of the bands from previous Landsat mission...

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